What is a Chiasm?
A Chiasm in Scripture is known as a literary mountain in the Bible--a unique device whereby Bible writers were able to hide a theme of matching parallel thought in the original text--the Hebrew and Greek texts. These Chiasms are in the shape of a mountain which contains these matching thoughts in a stair step fashion, which leads to a focal point at the summit, the main focus or pinnacle thought of the passage. The reverse thought is then mentioned
in a parallel or contrasting pattern back down the other side.